Sessions / Motivation
Ask around, and you will find many foreign English teachers in Korea who think their Korean “should be better.” But what does this mean? Better for what? What motivates foreign teachers to learn Korean? And why do some teachers end up going much further with Korean than others? This presentation will provide some answers to these questions. The presenter, a (formerly) committed learner of Korean, will outline the results of a narrative study on the Korean learning experiences of foreign teachers. He will show how these teachers narrated their Korean learning motivations, and he will relate their narratives to several current motivational theories. At issue in this presentation is the influence of identity, social/romantic connections, beliefs about language learning/teaching, and formal and informal Korean learning experiences on motivation. This presentation will be of interest to those who wonder why some language learners ultimately achieve greater competence than others.
Research suggests that the perception of one’s name is correlated with employability, likeability, academic achievement, and other important life outcomes. With names being an integral part of our identity and how we are perceived, it is important that EFL teachers understand the implications of using English names with English language learners (ELLs) and the impact it has on L2 (second language) motivation. This presentation addresses two research questions: (a) Is there a difference in L2 motivation between Korean ELLs with an English name and Korean ELLs without one? (b) How does using English names impact Korean ELLs’ L2 motivation in the Korean EFL classroom? The study included a quantitative questionnaire; interviews; and a non-randomized, controlled experiment with Korean secondary students, and it was conducted as part of a master’s level dissertation. Both the findings from the research data and implications for EFL teachers will be discussed.
This study reports on how a gratitude-centered intervention helped to raise students’ motivation to study English between 2019 and 2020, amidst a climate of global uncertainty brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. The research involved ongoing observations of weekly basic English communication classes with a total of 300 students participating during the time period of the project. This work on gratitude is a part of broader work on positive psychology in language education, including the development of themed narrative mini-books and self-compassion workshops. In the current study, gratitude-centered concepts were first introduced in lecture style with supportive multimedia examples. Later, students engaged in gratitude activities such as co-constructing a gratitude box, a gratitude journal, and a storybook writing. Written questionnaires were also given to students towards the end of each 15-week semester. Throughout the project, motivation, attendance, attentiveness, gratitude, and "being aware of the small things" were seen to increase.
Many universities offer both degrees taught in English and degrees taught in the local language. Although both programs include English classes, students’ patterns of English learning motivation likely differ depending on language use in other classes. Understanding these motivational patterns can help teachers and course designers motivate students’ learning English during university. This original research study in Macao, China, compared first-year students in English-medium (EMI) and Chinese-medium (CMI) programs at one institution. Students’ motivation and enjoyment using English were measured three times over the year. Results show that for students in both EMI and CMI programs, enjoyment using English increased, but English learning motivation decreased, particularly for CMI students. EMI students’ demotivation was partly related to negative attitudes toward the work of studying English or discovering their English ability was sufficient to cope. Implications are given for teachers and course designers in EMI and mother-tongue programs.
This presentation reports on how a reframing of a language class was correlated with increased student engagement and improved language proficiency outcomes. The study was conducted with primary school learners of English as a second language, but we will discuss implications for TESOL at multiple levels. Also, we will collaboratively create ways to leverage reframing in our own teaching and learning contexts.